Vía El Confidencial Digital

In the business world, limited liability companies play a crucial role in the global economy, and decision-making in these entities is done through social agreements. These agreements form the core of the relationship between partners and the management of the company. However, situations may arise where partners are not satisfied with certain adopted agreements, leading to conflicts that may require challenging those agreements.

Challenging social agreements in limited liability companies is a legal mechanism through which decisions made at the General Meeting of partners that fail to meet legal or statutory requirements or harm the interests of the company or some of its members can be questioned and ultimately invalidated.

This process begins with filing a challenge lawsuit before the competent court. This recourse can be filed by any partner who believes that an agreement violates the law, the company’s bylaws, or compromises the interests of the company or the partners. Additionally, in some cases, the administrators can also challenge the social agreements.

To challenge a social agreement, it is necessary for the challenging partner to have voted against the agreement, been deprived of voting, or not been summoned to the meeting. Furthermore, the action for challenging must be exercised within a specified period, which varies depending on local legislation.

Social agreements that can be challenged are those that are contrary to the law or the bylaws, that harm the interests of the company for the benefit of one or several partners or third parties, or that constitute an abuse of majority.

If the challenge is successful, the court can declare the nullity of the agreement, with the inherent effects of such declaration, or it can determine the voidability of the agreement, which means that it remains valid until its nullity is declared. This can have significant repercussions on the functioning of the company and the relationship among the partners.

However, challenging social agreements is not a process without challenges. The interpretation of the bylaws, the assessment of whether harm has been caused to the interests of the company or the partners, and the determination of whether there is an abuse of majority are complex issues that require careful legal analysis.

Therefore, it is essential to seek specialized legal advice when considering challenging social agreements in a limited liability company. A corporate lawyer with experience in company law will be able to analyze the case, identify available options, and guide the partners through the challenging process.

Finally, it is important to remember that the ultimate purpose of challenging agreements is not to generate unnecessary conflicts but to promote transparency, fairness, and compliance with the law within limited liability companies. Respect for the rights of partners and the protection of the interests of the company are fundamental to the long-term success of any business. Therefore, the possibility of challenging social agreements should be considered as a mechanism of control and balance that contributes to the sustainability and proper functioning of limited liability companies.